With regard to questions of health protecting urban hygiene, the supply of health services, and the planning of health promoting structures (e.g. recreational spaces), urban development and health do have a lot of intersections.
Due to the increasing world-wide urbanization process, Urban Health research as practical-oriented branch of research has obtained more and more international importance during the latest past – at least also because of the setting-reference of the Ottawa-Charta.
The Urban Health-approach assumes that health is not only determined by individual factors (such as age, gender, genetic factors) but also by some other factors (e.g. way of life, working and living conditions, social networks, quality of soil / air / water as well as access to food and transport infrastructure).
That is why – especially in urban areas – health aspects gain more and more importance in all political areas (Health in all policies). There is the chance to arrange setting-oriented early interventions for an improvement of environmental conditions. In opposite, strategies for a prevention of the behaviour create individual incentives to change the individual behaviour and that of population groups in a health-promoting way.
Urban Health Research especially focuses the health relevant conditions of living in the authori-ties as basis for maintenance of the individual health and often starts on the level of districts as well as urban plannings.